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The appropriate salmon fishing gear

Experienced anglers know that no matter how good your gear is, you can always improve your chances at catching fish by finding the perfect gear combinations and choosing the right time and place to tackle a certain species. Salmon is one of the favorite fish for many anglers. However, there are many varieties of salmon, so there are plenty of options from which you can choose. As a species, salmon reproduces in freshwater, but migrates towards the ocean at maturity. This species has been introduced by humans in many non-native environments, so it can be found in many rivers, but also lakes. As such, your gear must be adapted to the place and the sought after type of salmon.

Man fly fishing in Salmon River near the town of Main Brook, Viking Trail, Northern Peninsula, Great Northern Peninsula, Newfoundland. Model Released.

One of your main concerns when fishing for salmon should be the type of water in which you are fishing and your placement. If you fish from the shore, you will be in need of different equipment than the one you would be using if fishing from a boat. As for the water, given the large spread of this species, you can find yourself fishing on lakes, in rivers or in the ocean. Each of these circumstances will require slightly different gear. However, what you must especially keep in mind is the difference between freshwater and saltwater fishing. Saltwater can be particularly damaging for your fishing gear, eroding your rod or causing damage to your boat’s engine. Therefore, make sure before acquiring a rod and reel combo that they are built and finished with materials that can withstand the damaging effects of water in time such as aluminum, steel or graphite – which are all commonly used materials in the making of fishing gear, so it shouldn’t be a problem for you to find one.


As for the line and the bait, these can vary depending on a great number of circumstances, thus you don’t have a single option. Although some fishermen use live bait to tackle salmon, this is not a necessity. When it comes to catching one, you must only remember that your bait should be mainly composed from smaller species of fish. If you own a bunch of insect-like lures, these may not be of help as they are not generally attractive for most species, even for the smaller varieties. The type of line you choose depends entirely on you, but don’t forget to adapt it to the fish you are targeting as well. For the Chinook salmon, for example, you must use 25-30 pound line, as opposed to the one used for the pink salmon, the smallest of the species, which you can tackle using a 10 pound line.

Surely, if you have a specific weight on it, your rod must be sturdy enough to withstand its pressure and secure accurate casts. For salmon, rods longer than 7 feet are what you should be looking for and, depending on the fishing spot, they can go up to 10 feet. Though a 7 foot long rod can be used to tackle the smaller species as well, you may want to make sure your rod is at least in the medium heavy power category, so that it doesn’t break at a heavier pressure.


Certainly, all the best gear in the world won’t help you catch anything if you don’t use the appropriate fishing technique and have a lot of patience and cold blood. Salmon is well-known for its strength, as it has to swim against the current to go back to freshwater for reproducing, hence he can put up a fight when you try to reel it in and won’t give in easily.

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